Using Geographic Information Systems Analysis for Mapping Adverse Events in an Active War Theater
Authors: Erman Cakit ª, Waldemar Karwowski
Abstract: This study is a review of adverse events throughout the war in Afghanistan by representing the mapping of these events, where we considered three types of adverse events in terms of number of people killed, wounded and hijacked, and their total number in the active war theater of Afghanistan over the period 2004-2010. The country was divided into seven regions for pattern analysis, where each region has different numbers of provinces, districts, and number of records. A point-density analysis was conducted to detect those areas where a high density of data point locations was concentrated. Based on the results obtained, it was concluded that the frequency of adverse events has increased from 2004 through 2010. The south-western region had the highest mean by district values than other regions and the whole of Afghanistan for all variables. On the other side, the north-western region had the lowest mean by district values than other regions and the whole of Afghanistan for all variables. When we compared the variables against each other, the number of people hijacked had the lowest values in total and average by district than the other variables.
Keywords: Adverse Events, Geographic Information Systems, Spatial Analysis, Point Density Analysis
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