Factors Associated With Spinal Disorders Among Visual Display Unit Workers
Authors: Karina Satiko Takekewa, Josiane Sotrate Gonçalves, Fabiana Almeida Foltran, Cristiane Shinohara Moriguchi, Ana Beatriz de Oliveira, Tatiana de Oliveira Sato
Abstract: The aim of this study was to identify factors associated with spinal disorders among video display unit workers. Ninety-two workers answered the Nordic Questionnaire; Need for Recovery scale; Rolland-Morris Disability questionnaire; Work Ability Index; Job Content Questionnaire and Utrecht Work Engagement Scale. Workers reported musculoskeletal symptoms in last 7 days, functional limitation and medical seek in the last 12 months, respectively, for the neck (13.0%, 5.4%, 9.8%), upper (15.2%, 7.6%, 9.8%) and lower back (22.8%, 10.9%, 10.9%).Symptoms in the neck were predicted by gender; in the upper back by age; and in the lower back by dedication and absorption. Functional limitation in the neck was predicted by vigor; in the upper back by age, need for recovery and social support; and in the lower back by gender, need for recovery and work ability. Seek for health care due to neck symptoms was predicted by work ability and absorption; in the upper back by control, work ability and absorption; and in the lower back by age, work ability and absorption. Low back disability was predicted by need for recovery and functional limitation. Musculoskeletal complaints are predicted by multiple factors, which reinforces the importance of a multidisciplinary approach.
Keywords: Prevention, Physical Ergonomics, Psychosocial Evaluation, Spine, Physical Therapy
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