Save the Musicians! The Ergonomics of the Drumming
Authors: Mahmut Ekşioğlu, N. Kaan Öztürk, Orkun Şirin
Abstract: Drumming is a highly repetitive and demanding physical art nearly played in all music styles. Drummers use both two hands and feet during playing. Due to this fact, the musicians in the drumming profession are facing the risks of developing musculoskeletal pain and injury in the hands, wrists, elbows, shoulders, ankles as well as low back and neck areas. Especially, wrists, ankles and back are the most risky parts. To reduce the risks involved and improve the drumming performance, the drummer´ workstation set up, instruments and the method of performing need to be evaluated and redesigned according to the ergonomics principles. In this pilot study, a sample of eight drummers are surveyed for bodily discomfort/pain and injury. Findings indicate that the seating posture of drumming is the most critical ergonomics related issue. Low back, neck, and shoulders as well as ankles and wrists are at risks due to the awkward and/or static joint postures. Following the survey results, the drummer´s workstation set up, instruments and performing methods are evaluated and recommendations are provided.
Keywords: Musician, Drumming, Percussionist, Musculoskeletal Disorders, Ergonomics
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