Working Conditions in the Sector of Urban Passenger Transport the Metropolitan Region of Recife
Authors: B. Barkokébas Juniora, A. B. B. H. Pintob, L. B. Martinsb
Abstract: The article aims to analyze the conditions of employment of the driver and the bus conductor, the urban passenger transport in the Metropolitan Region of Recife sector, aiming at the performance and quality of life of workers. The survey of the working conditions of these two professionals was conducted in 19 transport companies Recife by staff researcher at the Laboratory of Ergonomics and Universal Design ( LABERGODesign ) of the Federal University of Pernambuco and the Center for Health and Safety at Work ( NSHT ) University Pernambuco with support from Regional Labor Attorney of the 6th Region of the Ministry of Labour ( MPT ). For this survey was carried out in 19 bus companies, methodological procedures for measurement of risk - noise, vibration, heat, total dust O2 and CO; Applied checklists for workplace of the driver and the bus conductor; applied questionnaires to both driver and collector, also made an assessment of postural discomfort using the tool Corlett diagram, in addition to photographing and filming in a real work situation of the driver and conductor. The results obtained from the research we identified the actual working conditions - physical, cognitive and organizational - of those two professionals and analyzed the jobs of the driver and conductor. The results show the consequences that the driver and conductor suffer to spend too much time sitting and with little break time, what are the areas of the body most affected by pain and discomfort in those two professions, including organizational issues they face, well as the physical and environmental risks that are exposed during a working day of 8 hours, 10 and 16 hours. The analysis of the research has relevance to the areas of occupational safety and ergonomics since the results may contribute to intervene in the security and quality of life of such professionals.
Keywords: Urban transport, ergonomics, workplace, workplace safety system
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