Environmental Design of Medical Main Street from the Perspective of Supportive Design Theory
Authors: Zhu Siyi, Huifang Shang, Chuanshun Wang
Abstract: Background: In recent years, the concept of medical treatment in China has gradually developed from traditional "therapeutic mode" to "preventive health care", and the demands of patients are more diversified. Then the social attribute of hospitals is improved, and the proportion of non-medical space in hospitals is significantly increased. As the main public space of the hospital, the medical main street connects various functional zones and has a variety of attributes such as circulation system, relaxation, social contact and commercial services. It is a place where patients mainly gather and stay for a long time in the hospital. Significance: Providing supportive design for medical space can effectively alleviate the pressure and tension of patients in the process of medical treatment, bring more comfortable medical experience, help to establish a safer, more efficient and humanized medical environment, and play a positive role in patient health. Methods: Therefore, from the perspective of supportive design theory, this paper studies the relevant literature of medical space, as well as the field research and analysis of the newly built medical main street in China. Aims: To explore the development tendency of medical main street design. Conclusion: Through the research, it is found that in the actual cases, designers pay more attention to the circulation system, way-finding system, visibility in the central area and space color of the medical main street, in order to help improve the medical efficiency. In the paper, researchers also pay close attention to the circulation system, way-finding system and visibility in the central area. It is considered that easy access to the required place is the main factor to reduce the anxiety in patients. Meanwhile, the researchers also take natural lighting, commercial services and the choice of social contact or privacy as important indicators of the medical main street, and believe that the safe, comfortable and energetic space will help patients feel respected, so as to reduce negative emotions. Viewpoint: Therefore, this paper believes that as the basic demand, the future design of medical main street will take convenience as the main indicator. On this basis, the service function have also been gradually incorporated into the evaluation system of medical main street design, and will be the main direction of future research, so as to improve the support of medical space and gradually build a safe, healthy, efficient and dynamic medical community.
Keywords: supportive design theory, medical main street, Interior design, humanization
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