Relations of Different Features in Time Management: Procrastination
Authors: Tero Reunanen
Abstract: Time is the most important resource for leaders. Other resources can be added or reduced but time is imperative. Resources such as personnel, capital or facilities are crucial tools for leaders, but their usage is always time dependent. People’s productivity, and hence organizations´ performance are heavily related to their time usage. On the one hand, some leader can enhance organization´s performance in a very short time period, even when work is not very efficient, and on the other hand, a leader who is very efficient may even damage the organization. Therefore, especially leaders should have conscious awareness towards their conscious awareness towards time. In my former research I have shown that people´s conscious awareness towards time, time reality, has a lot of different varieties and individuals could possess totally different or very similar time reality between different people. Also, we have found that there is correlations between time management and innovativeness. Purpose of this study is to find how different time management features are related to each other’s and what conclusions we can derive from those.Time, however, is not an easy concept to handle for leader or even understand it. It has many different faces towards people. The challenge is that chronological time, where the business and management are done, is not nearly suitable when human relations and leadership are handled. Individuals´ experiences towards time differentiates to one another and different situations are constantly changing the experience for individual. Therefore, quite often, leaders recognizes that it is hard to have schedules to match or plans to actualize within an agreed time. Some people fit more easily to same time reality with leader than others. Therefore it is crucial to find out which features of time management are related to each other’s.Study was done by developing and utilizing application called Chronos & Kairos which main purpose is to reveal individuals conscious awareness and give possibility for thorough research for peoples´ differences when experiencing time. Research data collection was executed in 2014 – 2015 and consisted of 108 individual respondents answering to application. Respondents were students from Turku University of Applied Sciences. Students were mostly from engineering and business degree programs and represented full-time students and part-time (working adult) students. Respondents answered propositions in two different systems and answered all together 2 times for 176 statements. This gives 38.016 different individual variables to research data mass. Research was made by utilizing Co-Evolute research tool, compositions for statistical analysis were done with Excel and closer statistical analysis was made by SPSS.Study results show which features of time management are related to each other and how. Future research aspects and recommendations are also issued in this paper.
Keywords: human factor, time management, leadership
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