Socio-Cultural Factors of Industrial Workers in Low-Middle Income Countries (LMIC): Pilot Study
Authors: Umer Asgher, Sara Ali, Tahir Ali, Yasar Ayaz, Sofia Scataglini, Salman Nazir, Usama Rashed, Ellie Abdi, Fahad Iqbal Khawaja, Redha Taiar, José Arzola-Ruiz
Abstract: The role of industrial workers is a significant element of any society and a vital stakeholder in an industrial setup. Their roles and existence in an organization affect the organizational culture, working environment, and quality of Life (QoL). In the same way, modern organizational culture and its environment affect the employee's psychology and behavior and bring new challenges daily. This paper is a pilot study that aims to review, confer, and analyze the organizational, social, and cultural challenges faced by industrial workers of Low-Middle Income Countries (LMIC) and how these factors affect psychology, personal, and professional Quality of Life (QoL). To ensure a better Quality of Life (QOL) among individuals, each industry should address these factors systematically to plan work-related issues that affect the industrial worker properly. In the first phase, a dedicated 25-item questionnaire on a Likert scale was used for investigating four socio-cultural factors (the individual, the relationship with their family, and social and organizational factors) among 50 industrial workers (data modelling and hypothesized data) with some assumptions. Sequentially, in the second phase, the study statistically analyzes how these factors influence their behavior and psychology. Results show that family, social, individual, and organizational factors are correlated with Cronbach's alpha of 0.916.
Keywords: Industrial worker, psychology, ergonomics, occupational health, socio, cultural factors.
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