Anthropometric characterization of Campeche's population
Authors: Mayra Pacheco Cardin, Juan Luis Hernández-Arellano, Julian Aguilar-Duque
Abstract: Anthropometry is an important branch of ergonomics that deals with body measurements, particularly measurements of body size, shape, strength, mobility, flexibility, and work capacity. Reliable anthropometric data and technical procedures of ergonomics can be powerful tools to optimize the design of products to fit human dimensions. However, in Mexico, there is a scarcity of this type of data, particularly in the state of Campeche. This study aims to characterize the anthropometry of the economically active population in the northern part of the state of Campeche by creating an anthropometric chart for the design of adequate workstations and workspaces. The study was conducted with a sample of 382 subjects aged between 15 and 65 years, and 46 structural anthropometric dimensions and weights were taken and collected following the protocols most commonly used among experts in anthropometric and ergonomics. Data were analyzed to determine mean and standard deviation for all anthropometric dimensions. In conclusion, an anthropometric chart was developed to describe the characteristics of the economically active population as a priority for the manufacturing and service industries.
Keywords: Anthropometric charts, Anthropometric characterization, Economically active population of Campeche, Standing postures, Seated postures
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