Contribution To Safety Standards and Their Relevance for Ergonomic Risk Assessment In Slovakia
Authors: Daniela Onofrejova, Hana Pacaiova
Abstract: Ensuring that a person's health is protected at work, it is important to monitor the parameters that affect his or her body. Important parameters for occupational health protection are the position and movement of the employee during the performance of work. These have a direct influence on the likelihood of damage to the musculoskeletal system, so it is necessary to introduce appropriate protective measures. It is also necessary, for long-term monitoring of the impact, to establish the correct limits of movements and positions, based on the legislation in force. There are two standards in the territory of the Slovak Republic, Decree 542/2007 Coll. and STN EN 1005-4+A1, which do not coincide. Comparing to French standards, i.e. AFNOR and INRIS, implemented in measurement wireless multisensory system CAPTIV, the legislation in force does not conform, so the measurement evaluation is not clearly established. Therefore, we compared the values needed for workload assessment. Such assessment is useful for exoskeleton selection, as a possible alternative to a personal protective equipment, providing support for the body and preventing damage to it. To select the right exoskeleton, it is essential to evaluate the work process and the load that accompanies the particular work task.
Keywords: Ergonomics, Risk Assessment, Exoskeleton, Human Health Prevention, Physical Load, Work-Related Musculoskeletal Disorders
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