Artificial intelligence as a supplement in the teaching process
Authors: Petr Svoboda
Abstract: The paper emphasizes the importance of artificial intelligence as a supplement to its use in education. What influence and impact does artificial intelligence have on education? Is the use in teaching focused on teaching goals? Artificial intelligence can use methods of experiential learning, simulation learning, principles of connectivity and constructivism. The Czech Technical University (CTU), Masaryk Institute of Advanced Studies (MIAS), Department of Pedagogical and Psychological Studies prepares students for the profession of teachers of technical subjects in the study program Specialization in Pedagogy. The current state of knowledge of pedagogical sciences and the dynamically developing field of digital technologies are applied to specialized areas of technical fields. The structure and content of teacher training is being systematically modernized as a result of the development of the humanities and technical sciences. Today, the demands of students' psychological resilience in the environment of the cybernetic and robotic world are changing. The paper attempts to define goals and visions for the future, the integration of artificial intelligence into the teaching process and its main advantages and disadvantages. The paper responds to new trends and needs of society, whose competitiveness requires readiness for the requirements of education 4.0 (5.0). The possibilities of artificial intelligence applied in the educational process can be designed for use in teaching with the implementation of the educational program as an MOOC course. Research is needed to identify potential successes and risks. We will focus on the synthesis and interpretation of knowledge gained through research. In our research, it was a structured interview with an expert group. Respondents were acquainted with the possibility of creating a MOOC course - an educational program for further education of teachers. Through interviews, the opinions of experts on the educational program were examined. The effort is also to analyse the current situation in education with emphasis on research results and literature. Artificial intelligence and digital technologies are intended to support and complement the teaching process. The main obstacles to the spread of artificial intelligence in education can be the difficulty of preparing a teacher for teaching. The positive and negative aspects of artificial intelligence can be named. It is especially important to compare the views of teachers and experts. The study is the basis for continuing research into the digital competencies of social science teachers. Continuation of the research is now carried out at the Czech Technical University, Masaryk Institute of Advanced Studies in Prague within the research grant (Development of digital competencies of teachers of social sciences). The development of the topic of artificial intelligence in education is very important. There is much research, but insufficient attention has been paid to examining the effectiveness of teaching using digital technologies supported by artificial intelligence. Artificial intelligence in education has a future and can be used meaningfully. New technologies and acquired knowledge about artificial intelligence can be reflected in the international curriculum in the reforms of school education systems. Innovative methods and forms of education are important aspects of the current educational reality and constant innovation of didactic tools in teaching is a necessary condition for building a modern educational institution. The effective use of artificial intelligence through digital technologies in the educational process corresponds to the need to improve the quality of education.
Keywords: Artificial Intelligence, Digital Technology, Education, Mooc, Research
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