The analysis of the lobbying actors regarding the adoption and implementation of the AI Policy in Poland
Authors: Sylwia Stefaniak
Abstract: The purpose of this article is to describe the participation of non-state actors who were involved in the process of creating and implementing the "Policy for the development of artificial intelligence in Poland from 2020" (further: AI Policy). The aim of the lobbying campaign of individual non-public entities related to the implementation of artificial intelligence (further AI) was to enable the most effective possibility of creating solutions based on this technology in the private and public sectors. The entire activity of non-state actors in the creation of these policies was based on overt expert lobbying, which was carried out within the framework of the Working Group on Artificial Intelligence (further: WGAI) established at the Ministry of Digitalization in Poland. This group was active in 2018 and then reactivated in 2021. It is worth separating these two periods, because in the first instance this group worked on the foundations of later policy documents together with representatives of ministries, and since 2021 it has already been working on the implementation of the AI Policy document adopted in 2020 in terms of design. The hiatus period between this group's work has changed the way it functions, the scope of its work, and the members involved. Therefore - although the group operates in the same place in the same form - practically it is a completely different entity with different adopted goals.
Keywords: AI, lobbying, artificial intelligence, working group, government, public policy
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